From the Science Advisory Board Charter:
2. Authority. The Secretary of Commerce approved the establishment of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Science Advisory Board (SAB) on August 15, 1997. SAB was initially chartered under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), as amended, 5 U.S.C., App., on September 25, 1997. In 2017, Congress mandated that the SAB maintain two specific subcommittees: the Environmental Information Services Working Group and the Tsunami Science and Technology Advisory Panel. See Weather Research and Forecasting Innovation Act of 2017 (P.L. 115-25) §§ 401, 508. The Secretary has determined SAB’s continuance is in the public interest in connection with the performance of duties imposed by law on the Department.
From the Science Advisory Board Concept of Operations:
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA or agency) Science Advisory Board (SAB) is a Federal Advisory Committee (FAC) subject to the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App., and the FACA implementing regulations, 41 C.F.R. Part 102-3. It advises the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere (Under Secretary)/ NOAA Administrator (Administrator) on strategies for research, education, and application of science to operations and information services, so as to better understand and predict changes in Earth’s environment and conserve and manage coastal and marine resources to meet the Nation’s economic, social and environmental needs. Established on August 15, 1997 the SAB operates under a Charter that is reviewed and approved every two years.
This Concept of Operations (ConOps) is a living document that (i) outlines the operations of the SAB, (ii) defines the roles and responsibilities of SAB members and NOAA personnel that work with and support the SAB, and (iii) provides guidance to ensure that the SAB operates effectively and within the bounds of the FACA. General procedures and requirements governing the operation of the SAB are provided in FACA, its implementing regulations, the SAB’s Charter, and additional FAC operating policies and procedures issued by NOAA or the Department of Commerce (DoC).
2.1. Organizational Structure – The SAB, which reports directly to the Administrator, is comprised of approximately 15 members. Financial and administrative support for the SAB is provided by NOAA and coordinated through the SAB Office, which is located within the NOAA Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) and led by the SAB Executive Director (see Sec. 6.6.1). FACA requires the agency head (i.e., Administrator) to appoint a designated federal officer (DFO) for each federal advisory committee; for the NOAA SAB, the SAB Executive Director serves as the DFO.
2.2. Subcommittees – Subcommittees are intended to serve as principal sources of consultative knowledge on issues related to the focus of the SAB, and to aid the SAB in investigating specific issues. The policies and procedures governing the SAB subcommittees are set forth in the SAB Subcommittee Concept of Operations (Subcomm ConOps). Briefly, subcommittees, as defined in 41 CFR § 102-3.25, may be established by the SAB, with the Administrator’s approval. These subcommittees report directly and only to the SAB. Based on the nature and scope of the issue, the SAB is responsible for determining whether a proposed subcommittee will be established as either a task force (i.e., short term groups that exist for 1-2 yrs.) or a standing working group (i.e., long-term groups that do not have a specified termination date). Both “task forces” and “working groups” are subcommittees for purposes of FACA. Each subcommittee must have at least one SAB member who serves as a liaison between the subcommittee and the SAB and each task force should be chaired by an SAB member. Upon renewal of the SAB Charter, any extant SAB working groups and task forces must be reviewed and either terminated or renewed at that point. If the SAB Charter is not renewed, the task forces and working groups will be disestablished promptly.
2.3 Advice – Consensus advice of the SAB will be communicated to NOAA/the Administrator either at a public meeting of the SAB (unless such meeting is closed in accordance with FACA procedures) or through a report that will be made available for public inspection, as set forth in the FACA regulations. All advice transmitted from the SAB to NOAA will be considered by the Administrator, Chief Scientist, and appropriate leadership and line office personnel. If appropriate, NOAA will provide feedback to the SAB on advice provided by the SAB. NOAA staff may meet with individual SAB members to discuss certain SAB-related matters such as administrative, technical, or logistical issues, or to provide informational briefings, as set forth below.